Table of Contents

From FOAM EMed Index
Revision as of 12:39, 14 November 2016 by Rjhamilton (talk | contribs) (18.0 TRAUMATIC DISORDERS)

1.0 SIGNS, SYMPTOMS, AND PRESENTATIONS

1.1 Abnormal Vital Sign Physiology

1.2 Pain

1.3 General

2.0 ABDOMINAL AND GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDERS

2.1 Abdominal Wall

2.2 Esophagus

2.3 Liver

2.4 Gall Bladder and Biliary Tract

2.5 Pancreas

2.6 Peritoneum

2.7 Stomach

2.8 Small Bowel

2.9 Large Bowel

2.10 Rectum and Anus

2.11 Spleen

3.0 CARDIOVASCULAR DISORDERS

3.1 Cardiopulmonary Arrest

3.2 Congenital Abnormalities of the Cardiovascular System
3.3 Disorders of Circulation

3.4 Disturbances of Cardiac Rhythm

3.5 Diseases of the Myocardium, Acquired

3.6 Diseases of the Pericardium

3.7 Endocarditis
3.8 Hypertension
3.9 Tumors
3.10 Valvular Disorders

4.0 CUTANEOUS DISORDERS

4.1 Cancers of the Skin

4.2 Ulcerative Lesions

4.3 Dermatitis

4.4 Infections

5.0 ENDOCRINE, METABOLIC, AND NUTRITIONAL DISORDERS

5.1 Acid-base Disturbances

5.2 Adrenal Disease

5.3 Fluid and Electrolyte Disturbances

5.4 Glucose Metabolism

5.5 Nutritional Disorders

5.6 Parathyroid Disease
5.7 Pituitary Disorders

5.8 Thyroid Disorders

5.9 Tumors of Endocrine Glands

6.0 ENVIRONMENTAL DISORDERS

6.1 Bites and Envenomation (See 18.1.3.2)

6.2 Dysbarism

6.3 Electrical Injury (See 18.1.3.3.1)

6.4 High-altitude Illness

6.5 Submersion Incidents

6.6 Temperature-related Illness

6.7 Radiation Emergencies

7.0 HEAD, EAR, EYE, NOSE, THROAT DISORDERS

  • 7.1 Ear
  • 7.2 Eye
    • 7.2.1 External eye
      • 7.2.1.1 Blepharitis
      • 7.2.1.2 Burn confined to eye (See 18.1.10.2)
      • 7.2.1.3 Conjunctivitis
      • 7.2.1.4 Corneal abrasions (See 18.1.10.1)
      • 7.2.1.5 Dacryocystitis
      • 7.2.1.6 Disorders of lacrimal system
      • 7.2.1.7 Foreign body
      • 7.2.1.8 Inflammation of the eyelids
        • 7.2.1.8.1 Chalazion
        • 7.2.1.8.2 Hordeolum
      • 7.2.1.9 Keratitis
    • 7.2.2 Anterior pole
      • 7.2.2.1 Glaucoma
      • 7.2.2.2 Hyphema (See 18.1.10.5)
      • 7.2.2.3 Iritis (See 18.1.10.9)
      • 7.2.2.4 Hypopyon
    • 7.2.3 Posterior pole
      • 7.2.3.1 Choroiditis/Chorioretinitis
      • 7.2.3.2 Optic neuritis
      • 7.2.3.3 Papilledema
      • 7.2.3.4 Retinal detachments and defects (See 18.1.10.8)
      • 7.2.3.5 Retinal vascular occlusion
    • 7.2.4 Orbit
      • 7.2.4.1 Cellulitis
        • 7.2.4.1.1 Preseptal
        • 7.2.4.1.2 Postseptal
      • 7.2.4.2 Purulent endophthalmitis
  • 7.3 Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis
    • 7.3.1 Cavernous sinus thrombosis
  • 7.4 Nose
    • 7.4.1 Epistaxis
    • 7.4.2 Foreign body
    • 7.4.3 Rhinitis
    • 7.4.4 Sinusitis
  • 7.5 Oropharynx/Throat
      • 7.5.1 Dentalgia
      • 7.5.2 Diseases of the oral soft tissue
        • 7.5.2.1 Ludwig's angina
        • 7.5.2.2 Stomatitis
      • 7.5.3 Diseases of the salivary glands
        • 7.5.3.1 Sialolithiasis
        • 7.5.3.2 Suppurative parotitis
      • 7.5.4 Foreign body
      • 7.5.5 Gingival and periodontal disorders
        • 7.5.5.1 Gingivostomatitis Larynx/Trachea
      • 7.5.6 Larynx/Trachea
        • 7.5.6.1 Epiglottitis (See 16.1.1.2)
        • 7.5.6.2 Laryngitis
        • 7.5.6.3 Tracheitis
      • 7.5.7 Oral candidiasis (See 2.2.1.1, 4.4.2.1)
      • 7.5.8 Dental abscess
      • 7.5.9 Peritonsillar abscess
      • 7.5.10 Pharyngitis/Tonsillitis
      • 7.5.11 Retropharyngeal abscess
      • 7.5.12 Temporomandibular joint disorders
  • 7.6 Tumors

8.0 HEMATOLOGIC DISORDERS

8.1 Blood Transfusion
8.1.1 Complications
8.2 Hemostatic Disorders
8.2.1 Coagulation defects
8.2.1.1 Acquired
8.2.1.2 Hemophilias
8.2.2 Disseminated intravascular coagulation
8.2.3 Platelet disorders
8.2.3.1 Thrombocytopenia
8.3 Lymphomas
8.4 Pancytopenia
8.5 Red Blood Cell Disorders
8.5.1 Anemias
8.5.1.1 Aplastic
8.5.1.2 Hemoglobinopathies
8.5.1.2.1 Sickle cell disease
8.5.1.3 Hemolytic
8.5.1.4 Hypochromic
8.5.1.4.1 Iron deficiency
8.5.1.5 Megaloblastic
8.5.2 Polycythemia
8.5.3 Methemoglobinemia (See 17.1.29)
8.6 White Blood Cell Disorders
8.6.1 Leukemia
8.6.2 Multiple myeloma
8.6.3 Leukopenia

9.0 IMMUNE SYSTEM DISORDERS

9.1 Collagen Vascular Disease
9.1.1 Raynaud’s disease
9.1.2 Reiter’s syndrome
9.1.3 Rheumatoid arthritis (See 11.3.1.3)
9.1.4 Scleroderma
9.1.5 Systemic lupus erythematosus
9.1.6 Vasculitis
9.2 Hypersensitivity
9.2.1 Allergic reaction
9.2.2 Anaphylaxis
9.2.3 Angioedema
9.2.4 Drug allergies
9.3 Transplant-related Problems
9.3.1 Immunosuppression
9.3.2 Rejection
9.4 Immune Complex Disorders
9.4.1 Kawasaki syndrome
9.4.2 Rheumatic fever
9.4.3 Sarcoidosis
9.4.4 Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis (See 15.3.1)

10.0 SYSTEMIC INFECTIOUS DISORDERS

10.1 Bacterial
10.1.1 Bacterial food poisoning
10.1.1.1 Botulism
10.1.2 Chlamydia
10.1.3 Gonococcus
10.1.4 Meningococcus
10.1.5 Mycobacterium
10.1.5.1 Atypical mycobacteria
10.1.5.2 Tuberculosis
10.1.6 Other bacterial diseases
10.1.6.1 Gas gangrene (See 11.6.3)
10.1.7 Sepsis/Bacteremia
10.1.7.1 Shock
10.1.7.2 Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS)
10.1.7.3 Toxic shock syndrome
10.1.8 Spirochetes
10.1.8.1 Syphilis
10.1.9 Tetanus
10.2 Biological Warfare Agents
10.3 Fungal Infections
10.4 Protozoan/Parasites
10.4.1 Malaria
10.4.2 Toxoplasmosis
10.5 Tick-Borne
10.5.1 Ehrlichiosis
10.5.2 Lyme disease
10.5.3 Rocky Mountain spotted fever
10.6 Viral
10.6.1 Infectious mononucleosis
10.6.2 Influenza/Parainfluenza
10.6.3 Hantavirus
10.6.4 Herpes simplex (See 4.4.4.3, 13.1.3.1)
10.6.5 Herpes zoster/Varicella (See 4.4.4.4)
10.6.6 HIV/AIDS
10.6.7 Rabies
10.6.8 Roseola (See 4.4.4.2)
10.6.9 Rubella (See 4.4.4.2)
10.7 Emerging Infections, Pandemics, and Drug Resistance

11.0 MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS (NONTRAUMATIC)

11.1 Bony Abnormalities

11.2 Disorders of the Spine

11.3 Joint Abnormalities

11.4 Muscle Abnormalities

11.5 Overuse Syndromes

11.6 Soft Tissue Infections

12.0 NERVOUS SYSTEM DISORDERS

12.1 Cranial Nerve Disorders
12.1.1 Idiopathic facial nerve paralysis (Bell’s palsy)
12.1.2 Trigeminal neuralgia
12.2 Demyelinating Disorders
12.2.1 Multiple sclerosis
12.3 Headache (See 1.2.2)
12.3.1 Tension
12.3.2 Vascular
12.3.3 Cluster
12.4 Hydrocephalus
12.4.1 Normal pressure
12.4.2 VP shunt
12.5 Infections/Inflammatory Disorders
12.5.1 Encephalitis
12.5.2 Intracranial and intraspinal abscess
12.5.3 Meningitis
12.5.3.1 Bacterial
12.5.3.2 Viral
12.5.4 Myelitis
12.5.5 Neuritis
12.6 Movement Disorders
12.6.1 Dystonic reaction
12.6.2 Chorea/Choreiform
12.6.3 Tardive dyskinesia
12.7 Neuromuscular Disorders
12.7.1 Guillain-Barré syndrome
12.7.2 Myasthenia gravis
12.7.3 Peripheral neuropathy
12.8 Other Conditions of the Brain
12.8.1 Dementia (See 14.5.3)
12.8.2 Parkinson’s disease
12.8.3 Pseudotumor cerebri
12.9 Seizure Disorders
12.9.1 Febrile
12.9.2 Neonatal
12.9.3 Status epilepticus
12.9.3.1 Nonconvulsive
12.10 Spinal Cord Compression
12.11 Stroke
12.11.1 Hemorrhagic
12.11.1.1 Intracerebral
12.11.1.2 Subarachnoid
12.11.2 Ischemic
12.11.2.1 Embolic
12.11.2.2 Thrombotic
12.12 Transient Cerebral Ischemia
12.13 Tumors

13.0 OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

13.1 Female Genital Tract
13.1.1 Cervix
13.1.1.1 Cervicitis and endocervicitis
13.1.1.2 Tumors
13.1.2 Infectious disorders
13.1.2.1 Pelvic inflammatory disease
13.1.2.1.1 Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome
13.1.2.1.2 Tuboovarian abscess
13.1.2.2 Urethritis
13.1.3 Lesions
13.1.3.1 Herpes simplex (See 4.4.4.3, 10.6.4)
13.1.3.2 Human papillomavirus (HPV) (See 4.4.4.5)
13.1.4 Ovary
13.1.4.1 Cyst
13.1.4.2 Torsion
13.1.4.3 Tumors
13.1.5 Uterus
13.1.5.1 Dysfunctional bleeding
13.1.5.2 Endometriosis
13.1.5.3 Prolapse
13.1.5.4 Tumors
13.1.5.4.1 Gestational trophoblastic disease
13.1.5.4.2 Leiomyoma
13.1.6 V agina and vulva
13.1.6.1 Bartholin’s cyst
13.1.6.2 Foreign body
13.1.6.3 Vaginitis/Vulvovaginitis
13.2 Normal Pregnancy
13.3 Complications of Pregnancy
13.3.1 Abortion
13.3.2 Ectopic pregnancy
13.3.3 Hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets (HELLP) syndrome
13.3.4 Hemorrhage, antepartum
13.3.4.1 Abruptio placentae (See 18.2.1)
13.3.4.2 Placenta previa
13.3.5 Hyperemesis gravidarum
13.3.6 Gestational hypertension
13.3.6.1 Eclampsia
13.3.6.2 Preeclampsia
13.3.7 Infections
13.3.8 Rh isoimmunization
13.3.9 First trimester bleeding
13.3.10 Gestational diabetes
13.4 High-risk Pregnancy
13.4.1 Assisted reproductive therapies
13.5 Normal Labor and Delivery
13.6 Complications of Labor
13.6.1 Fetal distress
13.6.2 Premature labor (See 18.2.3)
13.6.3 Premature rupture of membranes
13.6.4 Rupture of uterus (See 18.2.4)
13.7 Complications of Delivery
13.7.1 Malposition of fetus
13.7.2 Nuchal cord
13.7.3 Prolapse of cord
13.8 Postpartum Complications
13.8.1 Endometritis
13.8.2 Hemorrhage
13.8.3 Mastitis
13.8.4 Pituitary infarction
13.9 Contraception

14.0 PSYCHOBEHAVIORAL DISORDERS

14.1 Addictive Behavior
14.1.1 Alcohol dependence
14.1.2 Drug dependence
14.1.3 Eating disorders
14.1.4 Substance abuse
14.1.5 Tobacco dependence
14.2 Mood Disorders and Thought Disorders
14.2.1 Acute psychosis
14.2.2 Bipolar disorder
14.2.3 Depression
14.2.3.1 Suicidal risk
14.2.4 Grief reaction
14.2.5 Schizophrenia
14.3 Factitious Disorders
14.3.1 Drug-diversion behavior
14.3.2 Munchausen syndrome/Munchausen by proxy
14.4 Neurotic Disorders
14.4.1 Anxiety/Panic
14.4.2 Obsessive compulsive
14.4.3 Phobic
14.4.4 Post-traumatic stress
14.5 Organic Psychoses
14.5.1 Chronic organic psychotic conditions
14.5.1.1 Alcoholic psychoses
14.5.1.2 Drug psychoses
14.5.2 Delirium
14.5.3 Dementia (See 12.8.1)
14.5.4 Intoxication and/or withdrawal
14.5.4.1 Alcohol (See 17.1.2)
14.5.4.2 Hallucinogens (See 17.1.17)
14.5.4.3 Opioids (See 17.1.1.3)
14.5.4.4 Sedatives/Hypnotics/Anxiolytics (See 17.1.35)
14.5.4.5 Sympathomimetics and cocaine (See 17.1.36;17.1.15)
14.5.4.6 Anticholinergic (See 17.1.4)
14.6 Patterns of Violence/Abuse/Neglect
14.6.1 Interpersonal violence
14.6.1.1 Child, intimate partner, elder
14.6.2 Homicidal Risk
14.6.3 Sexual assault
14.6.4 Staff/Patient safety
14.7 Personality Disorders
14.8 Psychosomatic Disorders
14.8.1 Hypochondriasis
14.8.2 Hysteria/Conversion

15.0 RENAL AND UROGENITAL DISORDERS

15.1 Acute and Chronic Renal Failure
15.2 Complications of Renal Dialysis
15.3 Glomerular Disorders
15.3.1 Glomerulonephritis (See 9.4.4)
15.3.2 Nephrotic syndrome
15.4 Infection
15.4.1 Cystitis
15.4.2 Pyelonephritis
15.5 Male Genital Tract
15.5.1 Genital lesions
15.5.2 Hernias
15.5.3 Inflammation/Infection
15.5.3.1 Balanitis/Balanoposthitis
15.5.3.2 Epididymitis/Orchitis
15.5.3.3 Gangrene of the scrotum (Fournier's gangrene)
15.5.3.4 Prostatitis
15.5.3.5 Urethritis
15.5.4 Structural
15.5.4.1 Paraphimosis/Phimosis
15.5.4.2 Priapism
15.5.4.3 Prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)
15.5.4.4 Torsion
15.5.5 Testicular masses
15.5.6 Tumors
15.5.6.1 Prostate
15.5.6.2 Testis
15.6 Nephritis
15.6.1 Hemolytic uremic syndrome
15.7 Structural Disorders
15.7.1 Calculus of urinary tract
15.7.2 Obstructive uropathy
15.7.3 Polycystic kidney disease
15.8 Tumors

16.0 THORACIC-RESPIRATORY DISORDERS

16.1 Acute Upper Airway Disorders

16.2 Disorders of Pleura, Mediastinum, and Chest Wall

16.3 Noncardiogenic Pulmonary Edema
16.4 Obstructive/Restrictive Lung Disease

16.5 Physical and Chemical Irritants/Insults

16.6 Pulmonary Embolism/Infarct

16.7 Pulmonary Infections

16.8 Tumors

16.9 Pulmonary Hypertension

17.0 TOXICOLOGIC DISORDERS

17.1 Drug and Chemical Classes

18.0 TRAUMATIC DISORDERS

18.1 Trauma

18.2 Trauma in Pregnancy

18.3 Multi-system Trauma

19.0 PROCEDURES AND SKILLS INTEGRAL TO THE PRACTICE OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE

19.1 Airway Techniques
19.1.1 Intubation
19.1.2 Airway adjuncts
19.1.3 Surgical airway
19.1.4 Mechanical ventilation
19.1.5 Non-invasive ventilatory management
19.1.6 Ventilatory monitoring
19.2 Resuscitation
19.2.1 Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
19.2.2 Neonatal resuscitation
19.2.3 Pediatric resuscitation
19.2.4 Post-resuscitative care
19.2.5 Blood, fluid, and component therapy
19.2.6 Arterial catheter insertion
19.2.7 Central venous access
19.2.8 Intraosseous infusion
19.2.9 Defibrillation
19.2.10 Thoracotomy
19.3 Anesthesia and Acute Pain Management
19.3.1 Local anesthesia
19.3.2 Regional nerve block
19.3.3 Procedural sedation and analgesia
19.4 Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures
19.4.1 Abdominal and gastrointestinal
19.4.1.1 Anoscopy
19.4.1.2 Excision of thrombosed hemorrhoid
19.4.1.3 Gastric lavage
19.4.1.4 Gastrostomy tube replacement
19.4.1.5 Nasogastric tube
19.4.1.6 Paracentesis
19.4.2 Cardiovascular and Thoracic
19.4.2.1 Cardiac pacing
19.4.2.2 Cardioversion
19.4.2.3 ECG interpretation
19.4.2.4 Pericardiocentesis
19.4.2.5 Thoracentesis
19.4.2.6 Thoracostomy
19.4.3 Cutaneous
19.4.3.1 Escharotomy
19.4.3.2 Incision and drainage
19.4.3.3 Trephination, nails
19.4.3.4 Wound closure techniques
19.4.3.5 Wound management
19.4.4 Head, ear, eye, nose, and throat
19.4.4.1 Control of epistaxis
19.4.4.2 Drainage of peritonsillar abscess
19.4.4.3 Laryngoscopy
19.4.4.4 Lateral canthotomy
19.4.4.5 Slit lamp examination
19.4.4.6 Tonometry
19.4.4.7 Tooth stabilization
19.4.4.8 Corneal foreign body removal (See 18.1.10.4)
19.4.4.9 Drainage of hematoma
19.4.5 Systemic infectious
19.4.5.1 Personal protection (equipment and techniques)
19.4.5.2 Universal precautions and exposure management
19.4.6 Musculoskeletal
19.4.6.1 Arthrocentesis
19.4.6.2 Compartment pressure measurement
19.4.6.3 Fracture/Dislocation immobilization techniques
19.4.6.4 Fracture/Dislocation reduction techniques
19.4.6.5 Spine immobilization techniques
19.4.6.6 Fasciotomy
19.4.7 Nervous system
19.4.7.1 Lumbar puncture
19.4.8 Obstetrics and gynecology
19.4.8.1 Delivery of newborn
19.4.8.2 Perimortem c-section (See 18.2.2)
19.4.8.3 Sexual assault examination
19.4.9 Psychobehavioral
19.4.9.1 Psychiatric screening examination
19.4.9.2 Violent patient management/Restraint
19.4.10 Renal and urogenital
19.4.10.1 Bladder catheterization
19.4.10.1.1 Urethral catheter
19.4.10.1.2 Suprapubic catheter
19.4.10.2 Cystourethrogram
19.4.10.3 Testicular detorsion
19.4.11 Toxicologic
19.4.11.1 Decontamination
19.5 Other Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures
19.5.1 Foreign body removal
19.5.2 Collection and handling of forensic material
19.5.3 Ultrasound
19.5.3.1 Diagnostic
19.5.3.2 Procedural

20.0 OTHER CORE COMPETENCIES OF THE PRACTICE OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE

20.1 Interpersonal and Communication Skills
20.1.1 Interpersonal skills
20.1.1.1 Inter-departmental and medical staff relations
20.1.1.2 Intra-departmental relations, teamwork, and collaboration skills
20.1.1.3 Patient and family experience of care
20.1.2 Communication skills
20.1.2.1 Complaint management and service recovery
20.1.2.2 Conflict management
20.1.2.3 Crisis resource management
20.1.2.4 Delivering bad news
20.1.2.5 Multicultural approach to the ED patient
20.1.2.6 Negotiation skills
20.2 Practice-based Learning and Improvement
20.2.1 Performance improvement and lifelong learning
20.2.1.1 Evidence-based medicine
20.2.1.2 Interpretation of medical literature
20.2.1.3 Knowledge translation
20.2.1.4 Patient safety and medical errors
20.2.1.5 Performance evaluation and feedback
20.2.1.6 Research
20.2.2 Practice guidelines
20.2.3 Education
20.2.3.1 Patient and family
20.2.3.2 Provider
20.2.4 Principles of quality improvement
20.3 Professionalism
20.3.1 Advocacy
20.3.1.1 Patient
20.3.1.2 Professional
20.3.2 Ethical principles
20.3.2.1 Conflicts of interest
20.3.2.2 Diversity awareness
20.3.2.3 Electronic communications/Social media
20.3.2.4 Medical ethics
20.3.3 Leadership and management principles
20.3.4 Well-being
20.3.4.1 Fatigue and impairment
20.3.4.2 Time management/Organizational skills
20.3.4.3 Work/Life balance
20.3.4.4 Work dysphoria (burn-out)
20.4 Systems-based Practice
20.4.1 Clinical informatics
20.4.1.1 Computerized order entry
20.4.1.2 Clinical decision support
20.4.1.3 Electronic health record
20.4.1.4 Health information integration
20.4.2 ED Administration
20.4.2.1 Contracts and practice models
20.4.2.2 Patient flow and throughput
20.4.2.2.1 Patient triage and classification
20.4.2.2.2 Hospital crowding and diversion
20.4.2.2.3 Observation and rapid treatment units
20.4.2.3 Financial principles
20.4.2.3.1 Billing and coding
20.4.2.3.2 Cost-effective care and resource utilization
20.4.2.3.3 Reimbursement issues
20.4.2.4 Human resource management
20.4.2.4.1 Allied health professionals
20.4.2.4.2 Recruitment, credentialing, and orientation
20.4.3 ED operations
20.4.3.1 Policies and procedures
20.4.3.2 ED data acquisition and operational metrics
20.4.3.3 Safety, security, and violence in the ED
20.4.4 Health care coordination
20.4.4.1 End-of-life and palliative care/Advance directives
20.4.4.2 Placement options
20.4.4.3 Outpatient services
20.4.5 Regulatory/Legal
20.4.5.1 Accreditation
20.4.5.2 Compliance and reporting requirements
20.4.5.3 Confidentiality and HIPAA
20.4.5.4 Consent, capacity, and refusal of care
20.4.5.5 Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA)
20.4.5.6 External quality metrics
20.4.6 Risk management
20.4.6.1 Liability and litigation
20.4.6.2 Professional liability insurance
20.4.6.3 Risk mitigation
20.4.7 Evolving trends in health care delivery
20.4.7.1 Public policy
20.4.8 Regionalization of emergency care